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NCJ Number: NCJ 191997     Find in a Library
Title: Integrating Celerity, Impulsivity, and Extralegal Sanction Threats Into a Model of General Deterrence: Theory and Evidence
Journal: Criminology  Volume:39  Issue:4  Dated:November 2001  Pages:865 to 892
Author(s): Daniel S. Nagin ; Greg Pogarsky
Date Published: 11/2001
Page Count: 28
Sponsoring Agency: National Science Foundation
United States of America
Grant Number: SES-9911370;
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study integrated extralegal consequences from conviction and impulsivity into the traditional deterrence framework involving certainty, severity, and swiftness of sanctions.
Abstract: The study tested the model with 252 University of Arizona students, who completed a survey concerning drinking and driving. Results revealed that variation in the certainty and severity of sanctions predicted offending, variation in swiftness did not. The extralegal consequences from conviction appeared to be at least as great a deterrent as the legal consequences. Moreover, the influence of sanction severity diminished with an individual’s present-orientation. Furthermore, the certainty of punishment was a far more robust deterrent to offending than was the severity of punishment. Findings suggested the desirability of further research and indicated the usefulness of integrating core decision making concepts into a deterrence model to generate a better-informed theory and more sensible policies. Tables, figure, footnotes, and 46 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Crime prevention planning
Index Term(s): Driving Under the Influence (DUI) ; Decisionmaking ; Deterrence ; Deterrence effectiveness ; Arizona
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=191997

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