skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 192143 Find in a Library
Title: Health Care for Children and Adolescents in the Juvenile Correctional Care System (RE0021)
Journal: American Academy of Pediatrics Policy Statement  Volume:107  Issue:4  Dated:April 2001  Pages:1-9
Corporate Author: American Academy of Pediatrics
United States of America
Date Published: April 2001
Page Count: 9
Sponsoring Agency: American Academy of Pediatrics
Elk Grove Village, IL 60040
Document: HTML
Type: Legislation/Policy Description
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This statement provides information to pediatricians regarding the types of pre-existing health problems found more frequently among youth who are incarcerated, as well as health conditions acquired within the institutional environment; recommendations for the health care of such youth are based on the health care standards promulgated by the American Academy of Pediatrics and the National Commission on Correctional Health Care.
Abstract: A landmark report published in 1980 documented medical problems in 46 percent of incarcerated youths entering correctional care facilities. These problems included conditions that occur in any population of youth, such as asthma, hypertension, acne, and diabetes. Conditions that were found at a greater rate in incarcerated than in unincarcerated youth included a 7-percent prevalence of tuberculosis and a 90-percent prevalence of dental caries or missing, fractured, or infected teeth. In a more recent study, 10 percent of juveniles admitted to a short-term detention facility had significant medical problems, excluding drug and alcohol abuse or uncomplicated sexually transmitted diseases (STD's). The most commonly diagnosed problems were asthma, orthopedic problems, and otolaryngologic conditions. This statement gives special attention to the pre-existing conditions of STD's, pregnancy and parenthood, HIV infection, and mental health conditions. Also discussed are parental neglect, family dissolution, abuse, mental retardation, and learning disorders. The risk behaviors of handgun ownership and substance use are addressed as well. Health conditions acquired within the institutional environment include mental health disorders (suicide risk), contagious diseases, somatic complaints, menstrual disorders, and skin problems. In addition, youths may be victims of physical and sexual abuse perpetrated by other inmates or staff. Seven health-care recommendations based on accepted standards pertain to administration, the management of a safe and healthy environment, personnel, care and treatment, health records, and medical-legal issues. 35 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile health services
Index Term(s): Adolescent parents; Adolescents with AIDS; Healthcare; Inmate health; Inmate health care; Juvenile drug use; Juvenile gun ownership; Juvenile inmates; Juvenile mental health services; Sexually transmitted diseases
Note: Downloaded 12/05/2001.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.