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NCJ Number: 192204 Find in a Library
Title: Factors Underlying Indigenous Arrest Rates
Author(s): Boyd Hamilton Hunter
Date Published: 2001
Page Count: 44
Sponsoring Agency: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
New South Wales Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research
Sydney NSW 2000, Australia
Publication Number: ISBN 0 7313 2634 2
Sale Source: New South Wales Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research
Level 8, St James Centre
111 Elizabeth Street
Sydney NSW 2000,

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: This report analyzes the problem of overrepresentation of Indigenous Australians within the Criminal Justice System in New South Wales province, and its policy implications.
Abstract: The author used the 1994 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Survey (NATSIS) to analyze factors associated with arrests of indigenous Australians who, in 1999, were ten-times more likely to be jailed than non-Indigenous people. High Indigenous arrest rates are explained by six basic factors: Sex, labor force status, alcohol consumption, whether an individual is physically or verbally victimized, age and education. Other factors include family environment and sufficiency and availability of police services. Alcohol and being a victim of violence are especially significant in assault cases, suggesting that a cycle of violence in the community is tied to alcohol abuse. The author notes that it is important to improve educational and employment opportunities for the Indigenous people since both reduce the likelihood of criminal behavior. He argues that much more is needed to be done to deal with substance abuse and the cycle of violence in Indigenous communities. Early intervention approaches and restrictions on the availability of alcohol were the best avenues for policy action. The NATSIS data should be re-addressed when the General Social Survey is carried out in 2002, so that a comparison can be made between the Indigenous and non-Indigenous population. Notes, references, tables, and appendix
Main Term(s): Arrest statistics; Criminology
Index Term(s): Australia; Criminal justice research; Criminal justice system policy; Minority overrepresentation
Note: Downloaded December 19, 2001
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