skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 192438 Find in a Library
Title: Motivation and Sex Offender Treatment Efficacy: Leading a Horse to Water and Making It Drink?
Journal: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology  Volume:45  Issue:6  Dated:December 2001  Pages:663-672
Author(s): Karen J. Terry; Edward W. Mitchell
Date Published: December 2001
Page Count: 10
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article reports on the methodology and findings of an evaluation of the outcome of a cognitive behavioral treatment program for incarcerated sex offenders.
Abstract: Specifically, the study sought to determine whether motivation to participate in the program had an impact on the reduction of cognitive distortions (CD's). Seven CD's were analyzed in pretreatment and posttreatment assessments; the treatment was considered effective for offenders who eliminated more than half of the CD's by the end of the program. The sample consisted of the sex offenders from six sex offender treatment programs in three prisons in England. Thirty-one offenders completed both pretreatment and posttreatment assessments from March 1997 until August 1998. The CD's used in the study were minimization or denial, justification, lack of empathy for victims, triggering factors, fantasies, behavior management, and grooming or planning. The pretreatment and posttreatment interviews were used to determine whether the offenders continued to display CD's upon completion of the treatment program. Additionally, the interviews yielded information about the offenders' levels of motivation to participate in the treatment program. In the pretreatment assessments, all offenders displayed each of the seven CD's to some degree. Treatment was successful in reducing at least 4 CD's for 22 of the 31 offenders. Offenders were still classified as exhibiting the CD if it was present to any extent, even if the strength of that particular CD was significantly reduced. The results showed comparable success rates for sex offenders with adult victims who were and were not motivated to change their offending behavior. Motivation did have an effect on offenders with child victims, although the reasons for this were unclear and should be explored with a larger sample of offenders. 4 tables, 3 notes, and 14 references
Main Term(s): Corrections policies
Index Term(s): Involuntary treatment; Motivation; Sex offender treatment; Sex offenders; Treatment effectiveness; Voluntary treatment
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.