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NCJ Number: 192500 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Hepatitis C and Substance Use in a Sample of Homeless People in New York City
Journal: Journal of Addictive Diseases  Volume:20  Issue:4  Dated:2001  Pages:15-25
Author(s): Andrew Rosenblum; Larry Nuttbrock; Hunter L. McQuistion; Stephen Magura; Herman Joseph
Date Published: 2001
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Grant Number: R01 DA10431
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the prevalence of hepatitis C virus antibodies and its association with substance use and sexual behavior.
Abstract: The population studied was a sample of 139 persons visiting a mobile medical clinic in Manhattan. Ninety percent were unstably housed or were living on the street. The prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibodies was 32 percent. Prevalence was also high for hepatitis B core antibodies (47 percent), HIV antibodies (15 percent), and syphilis exposure (14 percent); 76 percent tested positive for cocaine. Among subjects who reported ever injecting (20 percent), 86 percent were HCV positive; 19 percent of non-injectors were HCV positive. In separate multivariate logistic regression models (with injection controlled) HCV was predicted by quantitative hair assays for cocaine and self-reported duration of crack cocaine use. Alcohol dependence and sexual behavior did not predict HCV. Hepatitis C is a significant public health problem among the urban homeless population, with injection drug use and, to a lesser extent, cocaine use implicated as risk factors. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Controlled Substances
Index Term(s): Alcoholism; Cocaine; Crack; Drug use; Hair and fiber analysis; Hepatitis; Homeless persons; Risk taking behavior; Statistics
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