skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 192572 Find in a Library
Title: Integrated Model (From The Currents of Lethal Violence: An Integrated Model of Suicide and Homicide, P 95-116, 1994, N. Prabha Unnithan, Lin Huff-Corzine, et al. -- See NCJ-192567)
Author(s): Hugh P. Whitt
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 22
Sponsoring Agency: State University of New York Press
Albany, NY 12207
Sale Source: State University of New York Press
90 State Street, Suite 700
Albany, NY 12207
United States of America
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This chapter specifies an integrated model of self-directed and other-directed lethal violence that is, in essence, a modified and updated version of the theoretical perspective developed by Henry and Short.
Abstract: The integrated model of lethal violence, which grew out of the long history of research on homicide and suicide, is a modified and extended version of Henry's and Short's theory of suicide and homicide articulated by such researchers as Gold (1958); Whitt (1968); Hackney (1969); Unnithan (1983); Huff-Corzine, Corzine, and Moore (1991); and Unnithan and Whitt (1992). The integrated model conceptualizes suicide and homicide as two alternative channels in a single stream of lethal violence. This chapter explains the definition and measurement of two synthetic variables, the lethal violence rate (LVR) and the suicide-homicide ratio (SHR), as well as their connection to the stream analogy. Further, the chapter discusses the implications that should not be, but frequently are, drawn from the stream analogy, e.g., that homicide and suicide rates are by necessity inversely related. Relevant methodological questions, such as the ratio variables issue, are also discussed. Finally, the authors propose a strategy for testing the integrated model across multiple levels of analysis, using logic derived from Gayl Ness's 1985 work on comparative cross-national research.
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Homicide; Homicide causes; Suicide; Suicide causes; Violence; Violence causes
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.