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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 192729 Find in a Library
Title: Condom Use by Adolescents (RE0059)
Corporate Author: American Academy of Pediatrics
United States of America
Date Published: June 2001
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: American Academy of Pediatrics
Elk Grove Village, IL 60040
Sale Source: American Academy of Pediatrics
141 Northwest Point Blvd
Box 927
Elk Grove Village, IL 60040
United States of America
Document: HTML
Type: Legislation/Policy Description
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This policy statement by the American Academy of Pediatrics assesses the use of condoms as part of the secondary prevention of unintended pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases (STD's) in adolescents.
Abstract: Sexual activity and pregnancies decreased slightly among adolescents in the 1990's, reversing trends that were present in the 1970's and 1980's, while condom use among adolescents increased significantly. These trends likely reflect the initial success of primary and secondary prevention messages aimed at adolescents. Rates of acquisition of STDs and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among adolescents remain unacceptably high, however, highlighting the need for continued prevention efforts and reflecting the fact that improved condom use can decrease, but never eliminate, the risk of acquisition of STDs and HIV, as well as unintended pregnancies. Although many condom-education and availability programs have been shown to have modest effects on condom use, there is no evidence that these programs contribute to increased sexual activity among adolescents. Pediatricians should encourage adolescent patients to abstain from intercourse as the only sure way to prevent STDs and pregnancy; however, pediatricians should support and encourage the correct and consistent use of reliable contraception and condoms by adolescents who are sexually active or contemplating sexual activity. In the interest of public health, restrictions and barriers to condom availability should be removed. Research should identify methods to increase correct and consistent condom use by sexually active adolescents and to evaluate the effectiveness of strategies to promote condom use. 88 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile health services
Index Term(s): Adolescent pregnancy; Sexual behavior; Sexually transmitted diseases
Note: American Academy of Pediatrics Policy Statement, V 107, N 6, June 2001; downloaded January 24, 2002.
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