skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 192739 Find in a Library
Title: Pretrial Identification Procedures (From Legal Guide for Police: Constitutional Issues, Sixth Edition, P 207-222, 2002, John C. Klotter -- See NCJ-192737)
Author(s): John C. Klotter
Date Published: 2002
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: Anderson Publishing Co
Cincinnati, OH 45202
Sale Source: Anderson Publishing Co
Publicity Director
2035 Reading Road
Cincinnati, OH 45202
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: In this chapter, the procedures in the identification of a suspect through fingerprinting, photographing, lineups, dental examinations, and evidence from the body of the accused are challenged under one or more of four constitutional provisions. The reliability of these identification procedures is reviewed.
Abstract: A primary component of the investigative process is the identification of the suspect. However, various methods or procedures in the identification process, such as fingerprinting, photography, lineups, and dental examinations have been challenged on the constitutional grounds of self-incrimination, right to counsel and due process, and violations of the Fourth and Fifth Amendments. This chapter reviews the basis for these challenges. In addition, voice exemplars, a technique for voice identification, are seen as in compliance with constitutional provisions, but not sufficiently reliable. DNA profiling for identification purposes is recognized as adequately reliable and admissible in court, as long as all constitutional standards in sample retrieval and in laboratory standards are followed.
Main Term(s): Suspect identification
Index Term(s): Bill of Rights; Constitutional Rights/Civil Liberties; DNA fingerprinting; Fingerprints; Line-up; Photographic identification; Police policies and procedures
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.