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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 192879 Find in a Library
Title: Turnstile Justice: Issues in American Corrections, Second Edition
Editor(s): Rosemary L. Gido; Ted Alleman
Date Published: 2002
Page Count: 239
Sponsoring Agency: Prentice Hall Publishing
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
Publication Number: ISBN 0-13-040952-9
Sale Source: Prentice Hall Publishing
Criminal Justice and Police Training
1 Lake Street
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
United States of America
Type: Overview Text
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: In focusing on the sociology of corrections, each chapter of this book contains factual information, social context, and comprehensive research on a current critical correctional issue.
Abstract: Designed as a free-standing text or supplement to course materials across the criminal justice/corrections spectrum, this book offers a sociology of corrections, which is a perspective for analyzing the social context within which current American punishment philosophy and practice occurs. The first three chapters set the tone for the rest of the book by outlining a context for studying American corrections. Using the analogy of a "turnstile," Chapter 1 reviews the major factors that have propelled the United States toward becoming the democratic Nation with the highest incarceration rate in the world. Chapter 2 provides an in-depth analysis of the social changes in American cities and society and the conditions that are undermining urban community structure and vitality. Chapter 3 provides a comprehensive analysis of the implications of the three predominant American correctional philosophies -- utilitarian, justice, and rehabilitation -- for the treatment of offenders. The next two chapters take the reader inside the prison to understand the norms and values that form the basis of current inmate subcultures. Five chapters then provide a comprehensive evaluation of five emerging correctional issues: the treatment needs of women offenders, jailed fathers and their separation from their children, the variety of boot camps as alternatives for incarcerating adults and juveniles, non-citizens in U.S. Federal detention centers, and educational services for inmates. The remaining two chapters focus on issues of key interest to practitioners and members of the community, i.e., the impact of new prison construction and the operations of the local jail. Chapter notes and references
Main Term(s): Corrections policies
Index Term(s): Alien criminality; Children of incarcerated offenders; Correctional education programs; Female offenders; Jails; Juvenile correctional facilities; Opposition to prison construction; Prison conditions; Prison construction; Shock incarceration programs; Social conditions; Sociological analyses; Violent inmates
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