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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 192998 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Impacts of Childhood Abuse on Juvenile Violence and Domestic Violence
Author(s): Sheila D. Ards; Samuel L. Myers Jr.
Corporate Author: University of Minnesota
Hubert H Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs and School of Social Work
United States of Ameri
Date Published: 2001
Page Count: 122
Sponsoring Agency: Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, MN 55455
Grant Number: 99-JN-FX-0007
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined whether one specific form of child abuse -- parental beatings of adolescent children -- contributed to juvenile violence and/or domestic violence among young adults.
Abstract: The data used in the study were obtained from the National Survey of Youth, a longitudinal data set of 11- to 17-year-olds begun in 1976. The survey solicited information on respondents' experiences with violence as they matured into young adulthood and entered into intimate partnerships. Childhood abuse was measured by whether children self-reported having been beaten by their parents. The study focused on the violence that children suffered in the 1980's and the subsequent juvenile violence and domestic violence of the 1990's. Regression analysis was conducted to isolate various demographic factors and their effects on juvenile violence and domestic violence. The residual difference method was used to measure race effects. Study results did not provide unequivocal support for the widely held belief that violence begets violence. Although in some instances, for some age groups, and at some pathways to adulthood, the findings offered limited support for the contention that childhood abuse contributes to subsequent juvenile violence or violence in intimate partner relationships, overall they did not show a uniform pattern of violence from childhood to adulthood. The limited evidence of the impacts of childhood beatings centered around female victims of domestic violence. Although there were no substantial differences in childhood abuse by race, there were large racial differences in attitudes toward violence, with Blacks much more likely to tolerate it; however, there was virtually no impact of childhood abuse on attitudes toward violence. Attitudes toward violence, however, constituted a strong influence on whether a person became a juvenile or adult perpetrator of violence. The sources of such attitudes require further research. Childhood beatings are not apparently a significant factor in the formation of attitudes conducive to violent behavior. 23 tables, 46 references, and appended data
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): Child abuse as crime factor; Child abuse as delinquency factor; Domestic violence causes; OJJDP final report
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