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NCJ Number: 193419 Find in a Library
Title: Patterns of Violence: An Analysis of Individual Offenders, Final Report
Author(s): Julie Horney
Corporate Author: University of Nebraska - Omaha
Dept of Criminal Justice
United States of America
Date Published: 2001
Page Count: 68
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
University of Nebraska - Omaha
Omaha, NE 68101
Grant Number: 96-IJ-CX-0015
Sale Source: University of Nebraska - Omaha
Dept of Criminal Justice
60th and Dodge Streets
Omaha, NE 68101
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The methodology and findings are presented from a study that combined important aspects of criminal careers and situational perspectives in an interactional approach that involved both individual and situational factors in the analysis of violent behavior.
Abstract: For the purposes of this study, violent behavior was defined as "behaviors by individuals that intentionally threaten, attempt, or inflict physical harm on others." The study interviewed a sample of 717 male prison inmates drawn randomly from an intake cohort admitted to a State prison system over a 1-year period. Extensive background information was obtained for each respondent through the interviews and an examination of prison records. In order to explore the role that time-varying characteristics of individuals and their life circumstances played in violent behavior, researchers used a life events calendar to record month-by-month details about the respondents for the 3 years preceding their most recent arrest. Another component of the study examined violent events in the subjects' lives over the 3-year period, both as perpetrator and victim. Respondents were also asked to identify events in which there was a high risk of violence occurring, but in which the respondent neither attacked nor was attacked by anyone. Although most respondents were not incarcerated because of a violent offense, the majority of respondents reported some involvement in violence during the 3 years before their incarceration. A total of 502 respondents (70 percent) reported being involved in 1,664 assaults in which they either attacked someone or were themselves attacked. A total of 759 incidents with high risk for violence but in which it did not occur were reported by 572 respondents. Younger respondents were more likely to report assaults and a higher number of assaults, and early onset of criminal activity was a predictor of violent behavior. There was also a significant association between abuse as a child and the respondent's level of involvement in robberies. Further, when a respondent possessed a gun or other weapon, he was more likely to attack an opponent than when he did not have a weapon. The relationship between specific leisure activities and involvement in violence varied across different community contexts. Analyses have only begun to explore the effects of current life circumstances on involvement in violence. Respondents were more likely to report "costs too high" as a reason for avoidance when an incident involved strangers as opposed to acquaintances. Future research should focus on features that distinguish incidents with violent outcomes from those in which violence is avoided. 63 references and 25 tables
Main Term(s): Crime prevention planning
Index Term(s): Child abuse as crime factor; Environmental influences; Violence causes; Violent offenders
Note: *This document is currently unavailable from NCJRS. Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data. ***Document is not currently available from NCJRS.
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