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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 193420 Find in a Library
Title: American Terrorism Study: Patterns of Behavior, Investigation and Prosecution of American Terrorists, Final Report
Author(s): Brent L. Smith; Kelly R. Damphousse
Corporate Author: University of Alabama - Birmingham
United States of America
Date Published: 2001
Page Count: 45
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
University of Alabama - Birmingham
Birmingham, AL 35294
Grant Number: 1999-IJ-CX-0005
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

University of Alabama - Birmingham
701 20th Street South
Birmingham, AL 35294
United States of America
Document: PDF
Dataset: DATASET 1
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study of domestic terrorism in America had the primary goals of creating an empirical database from which criminological theories and governmental policies could be effectively evaluated.
Abstract: A related objective of the study was to examine the characteristics, patterns of behavior, and tactics of American terrorist groups to determine whether terrorist groups have been modifying their tactics in response to prosecutorial successes under U.S. Justice Department guidelines. Another objective was to assess the impact of potential changes in terrorist activity on prosecutorial and sanctioning strategies, as well as the types of evidence and charges most likely to lead to successful prosecution of terrorism cases. A third objective was to determine whether the introduction of Federal sentencing guidelines had reduced the sentence disparity between terrorists and similarly situated nonterrorists. The study obtained information on 33 cases that involved 186 "indictees" charged with 1,241 criminal counts. The data set contained information on approximately 80 variables divided into four major categories: demographic information, information on the terrorist, prosecution and defense data, and court/case outcome and sentencing data. Among the findings were that the use of uncoordinated violence strategies by terrorist groups appeared to be much more widespread than anticipated. Further, various groups had begun to implement strategies specific to their organizational goals and/or ideology. Finally, when viewed in context, the decline in plea bargaining during an era when plea bargaining has been increasing, the suggested reduction in disparity in sentencing between terrorists and nonterrorists, and the elimination of "group role" as a significant predictor of sentence length suggest that the Office of the Attorney General should conduct further analyses of these issues. 16 references and 10 tables
Main Term(s): Court procedures
Index Term(s): Domestic terrorism; NIJ final report; Sentencing disparity; Sentencing factors; Sentencing/Sanctions; Terrorism prosecution
Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
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