skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 193644 Find in a Library
Title: Psychosocial Needs of Hawaiian Women Incarcerated for Drug-Related Crimes
Journal: Journal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions  Volume:1  Issue:4  Dated:2001  Pages:47-69
Author(s): Lee Y. Stein
Date Published: 2001
Page Count: 23
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article examines the needs of non-violent, substance-abusing female offenders in Hawaii, especially those of Hawaiian ancestry.
Abstract: The imprisonment rate for women in Hawaii is currently outpacing that of men. A study revealed that 61 percent of the women released from prison were Hawaiian, while Hawaiian females comprised less than 10 percent of the total State population. Hawaiians have the lowest median income and the highest rates of incarceration, homelessness, and poverty of all ethnic populations in the State. Seventy-one percent of the inmates at the women’s correctional center on Oahu had been physically or sexually abused. Maladaptive coping behaviors often emerge as a result of this emotional, psychic, and spiritual damage. The study was conducted at a secure work-furlough program for women transitioning into the community from prison. A two-part instrument was developed based on a review of contemporary literature. Participants were given a questionnaire at the facility either individually or in small groups. Results supported the argument that violence and discrimination were salient contributions to behavior leading to imprisonment for many Hawaiian women, who were vastly over-represented in local incarceration data. While multiple negative forces have a cumulative impact on their lives, interventions, culturally appropriate or not, are rare. The areas of greatest need are alternatives to incarceration including substance abuse treatment and counseling services; establishment of a female prison model; training of criminal justice workers related to the unique needs and circumstances of female inmates; and community education that promotes rehabilitative practices. Recommendations also include Gender Specific Programming, an incarceration plan for each inmate, educational and work opportunities, family-focused services, mental health services, and culturally sensitive models. 2 tables, 41 references
Main Term(s): Female offenders; Hawaii
Index Term(s): Class discrimination; Discrimination; Ethnic groups; Male female offender comparisons; Needs assessment; Racial discrimination; Social reintegration
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.