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NCJ Number: 193883 Find in a Library
Title: Return of "Captain Moonlight": Informal Justice in Northern Ireland
Journal: Studies in Conflict & Terrorism  Volume:25  Issue:1  Dated:January-February 2002  Pages:41-56
Author(s): Rachel Monaghan
Editor(s): Bruce Hoffman
Date Published: 2002
Page Count: 16
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This article examined the history, nature and development of the informal criminal justice held in the working class areas of Northern Ireland during the 20th Century period of “the Troubles.”
Abstract: The roots of informal justice in Northern Ireland have a long and deep history. This article examined the nature of informal justice during the period of “the Troubles” in 1968 beginning with an historical overview. Alternative forms of justice emerged within both the Republican and Loyalist working-class communities in Northern Ireland. The informal justice system operated outside the formal state system and was undertaken by paramilitaries and included threats, warnings, beatings, shootings, and executions. This punishment existed for three primary reasons: (1) the absence of a legitimate or adequate policing service; (2) rising levels of petty crime and antisocial behavior; and (3) the perceived failure of the formal criminal justice system. Based on the history of informal justice and the reasons for its development in Northern Ireland, it is likely to continue. Notes
Main Term(s): Foreign criminal justice systems
Index Term(s): Criminal justice system effectiveness; Criminal justice system policy; History of criminal justice; Northern Ireland; Punishment; Torture
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