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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 193901 Find in a Library
Title: Presidential Initiative on Drugs Driving and Youth
Corporate Author: US Dept of Transportation National Highway Traffic Safety Admin
United States of America

Office of National Drug Control Policy
United States of America
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 24
Sponsoring Agency: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Office of National Drug Control Policy
Washington, DC 20500
US Dept of Transportation National Highway Traffic Safety Admin
Washington, DC 20590
Publication Number: DOT HS 808 560
Sale Source: US Dept of Transportation National Highway Traffic Safety Admin
1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
West Building
Washington, DC 20590
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Legislation/Policy Description
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: After reviewing the prevalence of drug use by youth in the United States and the extent to which youth drive while under the influence of drugs, this report discusses relevant State laws on drug use and driving, enforcement issues, drug testing, and prevention and treatment; recommendations are offered for countering the problem.
Abstract: The evidence is clear and consistent that although drug use by youth (9th-12th grades) is still well below the peak levels of the late 1970's, youth drug use increased steadily in the 1990's. Studies of drivers injured in crashes or cited for traffic violations showed that many had used drugs. Self-reported information confirmed that teens use marijuana in driving situations. It is illegal in all States to drive a motor vehicle under the influence of either alcohol, drugs other than alcohol, or a combination of alcohol and other drugs. This report presents a table of State laws related to drug use and driving. Since drugged drivers are more difficult to detect, arrest, and prosecute than alcohol-impaired drivers, the Drug Evaluation and Classification program was developed to train police officers to recognize the signs and symptoms of drug use and to classify the drug that is causing a person's impairment. Drug training is also available for prosecutors and judges. This report has a section on drug-testing experiences, methods of drug testing, drug-testing procedures, and drug-testing costs and time requirements. This report recommends stronger laws, more consistency in enforcement, prosecution, adjudication, prevention, education, publicity, drug testing, and treatment for drug use when appropriate. Such a comprehensive, multi-pronged strategy has reduced driving under the influence of alcohol, especially for youth, and it could do the same for other drugs. 1 table
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug use
Index Term(s): Driving Under the Influence (DUI); Drug prevention programs; Drug testing; Juvenile drug treatment; State laws; Traffic law enforcement
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