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NCJ Number: 194022 Find in a Library
Title: From the Source to the Mainstream Is Uphill: The Challenge of Transferring Knowledge of Crime Prevention Through Replication, Innovation and Anticipation (From Analysis for Crime Prevention, P 131-203, 2002, Nick Tilley, ed. -- See NCJ-194015)
Author(s): Paul Ekblom
Date Published: 2002
Page Count: 73
Sponsoring Agency: Criminal Justice Press/Willow Tree Press
Sale Source: Criminal Justice Press/Willow Tree Press
United States of America
Type: Report (Technical Assistance)
Format: Book (Softbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper examines obstacles to research uses in policymaking in the areas of crime prevention and problem-oriented policing, with emphasis on obstacles that are inherent in the nature and form of knowledge itself.
Abstract: The analysis uses ideas from design, evolutionary epistemology, memetics, conventional anthropological opinions regarding cultural transmission and evolution, and organizational research on diffusion of innovation. The discussion focuses on "genotypic" principles of prevention that apply across contexts and across time and that can form the basis for applications in training, guidance, and design of knowledge bases. It relates general ideas about knowledge management to specific aspects of crime prevention knowledge and its practical application. The discussion examines the issues of replication, innovation, and anticipation. The analysis notes that awareness is increasing, that knowledge does not flow naturally from source to mainstream, and that instead it requires active efforts to ensure its implementation through a mixture of climate-setting, education and training, practitioner networks, guidance material, and the establishment of knowledge bases. Appended discussion of the conjunction-of-criminal-opportunity framework and 119 references
Main Term(s): Crime prevention planning
Index Term(s): Criminal justice research; Problem-Oriented Policing; Research methods; Research uses in policymaking
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