skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 194485 Find in a Library
Title: Determinants of Youth Smoking: Evidence From Turkey
Journal: Substance Use & Misuse  Volume:37  Issue:3  Dated:2002  Pages:313-336
Author(s): Yusuf Z. Ozcan; Kivilcim M. Ozcan
Date Published: 2002
Page Count: 24
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article examines a study investigating the determinants of smoking among middle and high school students in Turkey.
Abstract: The data were collected from students in Ankara, the capital and second largest city in Turkey. The instrument used was a questionnaire with 43 closed-ended items. The primary reason for this study was to assess the degree of substance use prevalence and the reasons for such use among middle and high school students. Study results showed that 24 percent of the students were smokers, with little difference by sex. Despite study limitations, the results obtained prove that predicting youth smoking behavior is a challenging task. The most likely variables like parents’ smoking, intactness of the family, receiving offers to smoke cigarettes, and having smoking friends did not seem to influence student smoking. The influence of the important variables, such as having a stepmother, and having smoking sisters and brothers was the opposite. Schools and neighborhoods, to a lesser extent, also seemed to have an effect on smoking. This is cultural in Turkey. Making money at earlier ages and working in environments that encourage smoking can initiate smoking at earlier ages, which they maintain afterwards. Neighborhoods vary considerably in their quality of life. Generally, families in poor neighborhoods provide inconsistent support to their children, have low educational aspirations, lack of closeness and involvement in the children’s activities, exert weak control and discipline, approve of substance use explicitly or implicitly and resort to it on a regular basis, and abuse their children emotionally or physically. Poor neighborhoods also house conservative and religious people who not only oppose any substance use but also cannot afford to buy them. This is why students from some poor neighborhoods are less likely to smoke. These findings imply that neighborhood, family well being, religiosity, and school type are interrelated and should be included in further research to be conducted in developing countries. 5 tables, appendix, 55 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug use; Tobacco use; Turkey
Index Term(s): Cultural influences; Drug use; Environmental influences; Foreign juvenile delinquency; Home environment; Religion
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.