skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 199867 Find in a Library
Title: Music Preferences, Personality Style, and Developmental Issues of Adolescents
Journal: Journal of Youth and Adolescence  Volume:32  Issue:3  Dated:June 2003  Pages:205-213
Author(s): Kelly D. Schwartz; Gregory T. Fouts
Date Published: June 2003
Page Count: 9
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Netherlands
Annotation: This study examined the personality characteristics and developmental issues of three groups of adolescent music listeners: those who preferred light qualities of music, those who preferred heavy qualities of music, and those who had eclectic preferences for music qualities.
Abstract: An advertisement-of-research and parental consent forms were distributed to 249 students (144 junior high and 105 senior high) in 2 public schools in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. A total of 182 consent forms were signed by a parent or guardian. The schools were in middle-class neighborhoods. Most participants were Caucasian. Due to various factors, 164 participants were included in the data analysis (72 males, 92 females; 80 junior high students and 84 senior high students). The mean age was 16 years old. The questionnaire first assessed adolescents' music preferences, followed by the Millon Adolescent Personality Inventory, which quantified several personality characteristics and developmental issues salient during adolescence. The findings show that each of the three music preference groups tended to manifest a distinctive profile of personality dimensions and developmental issues. Those adolescents who preferred heavy or light music qualities indicated at least moderate difficulty in negotiating several distinct domains of personality and/or developmental issues; whereas, those with more eclectic music preferences did not indicate similar difficulty. Thus, there was considerable support for the general hypothesis that adolescents prefer listening to music that reflects specific personalities and the developmental issues with which they are dealing. Although the study findings do not imply a causal relationship between music listening and adolescent functioning, it may be that exposing such adolescents to a greater variety of music may promote greater self-exploration, validation, and normalization of their issues, thus enhancing their development. Further research is necessary to confirm this hypothesis. 2 tables and 61 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): Adolescent attitudes; Canada; Foreign criminal justice research; Juvenile social adjustment; Youth development
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.