skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 199874 Find in a Library
Title: Understanding Access Control's Many Layers
Journal: Campus Safety Journal  Volume:11  Issue:4  Dated:April 2003  Pages:30-31,41
Editor(s): Tom Nelson
Date Published: April 2003
Page Count: 3
Type: Instructional Material
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Representatives from five prominent companies that sell and install access-control products answer questions that can help schools protect people and property on campus.
Abstract: In answering the question regarding the single most important component in a comprehensive system, the company representatives mention the following: information that creates an audit trail to identify individuals who access particular locations; hardware, particularly the controller; the software and the operational portion of the system; the card/card reader technology; and technology that provides user authentication and identification. The second question asked of the representatives is to explain the concept of redundancy and how a campus might appropriately use it. Redundancy is indicated to mean that the failure of no one element in an access control system will render the system ineffective. This involves backing up databases, using security personnel in addition to electronic systems, having a main workstation database as a control point while having individual terminals across campus to issue new or replacement cards, and the use of firewalls and network security. Another question focuses on tips for establishing a cost-effective system of access control. Suggestions include securing only the areas at highest risk, selecting systems that are easy to install, using detailed planning to ensure there are no "surprise" costs at the end of installation, the use of new and efficient video surveillance products, and the selection of a system that can be expanded for future growth.
Main Term(s): Crime prevention planning
Index Term(s): Campus Security; Facility security; Personnel identification systems; Security management; Security systems
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.