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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 199976 Find in a Library
Title: Trends in the Use of Bail and Offending While on Bail, 1990-1999
Author(s): Barb Lash
Date Published: January 2003
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: New Zealand Ministry of Justice
Wellington, New Zealand
Sale Source: New Zealand Ministry of Justice
Level 10, Charles Fergusson Bldg
Bowen Street
P.O. Box 180
New Zealand
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: New Zealand
Annotation: This document discusses the use of bail and statistics on offending while on bail in 1999.
Abstract: An offense committed while on bail is defined as a conviction for an offense committed while on bail. Some court proceedings for offenses committed while on bail were not finalized until 2 years after offense was committed. So convictions for the 2 years after 1999 were included in the measurement of offending on bail for 1999. Results show that for each year, from 1990 to 1999, between 45 percent and 51 percent of cases finalized that did not start and finish on the same day, involved a remand on bail. In 1999, 77 percent of cases where a person was charged with a violent offense as the major charge resulted in the person being remanded on bail. The number of cases that involved a remand on bail has tended to increase. The number of violent cases that involved a remand on bail almost doubled between 1990 and 1999, with the major increase occurring between 1992 and 1994. In recent years the number of violent cases involving a remand on bail has decreased by 11 percent. The major types of offenses contributing to the overall increase were “male assaults female,” serious assault, and grievous assault. The proportion of people that offended while on bail changed very little between 1990 and 1999. In 1999, those on bail charged with a property offense or an offense against justice were the most likely to offend while on bail. Those on bail charged with a miscellaneous offense were the least likely to offend while on bail. In 1999, the most common offenses committed while on bail were property offenses, traffic offenses, and offenses against justice. In 1999, for people on bail charged with a violent offense, 5 percent committed another violent offense while on bail. 3 figures, 8 tables, 4 references
Main Term(s): Bail/Financial Release; Criminal justice statistics
Index Term(s): Criminal procedures; Dangerousness; Offender statistics; Offense statistics; Pretrial procedures; Pretrial release
Note: Downloaded April 9, 2003
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