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NCJ Number: 200011 Find in a Library
Title: Excluding Violent Youths From Juvenile Court: The Effectiveness of Legislative Waiver
Author(s): David L. Myers
Date Published: 2001
Page Count: 240
Sponsoring Agency: LFB Scholarly Publishing LLC
El Paso, TX 79913
Publication Number: ISBN 1-931202-02-8
Sale Source: LFB Scholarly Publishing LLC
Box 221258
El Paso, TX 79913
United States of America
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Book (Hardbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This book discusses the effectiveness of the policy of targeting violent juvenile offenders for prosecution in adult criminal court.
Abstract: Youth violence, particularly the level and lethality of the violent acts, has emerged as a major public concern. The policy option of relocating youthful offenders to criminal court has the goals of greater accountability and stronger deterrence. It is highly questionable if these goals are met. Chapter 1 discusses the origins of juvenile justice, criticisms and reforms, the surge in youth violence, methods of transfer, transfer use and rationale, and juvenile transfer in the State of Pennsylvania. Chapter 2 presents the origins of deterrence theory, deterrence research, and the effect of formal sanctions. Chapter 3 focuses on punishment and deterrence through treating juvenile offenders as adults. Chapter 4 discusses the research agenda, such as hypotheses, data, and methods of a study, on the consequences of transferring violent juvenile offenders to adult criminal court. Chapter 5 presents the bivariate and multivariate results of this study. Chapter 6 presents the qualitative findings. The discussion centers on the effectiveness of legislative waiver, the legislative waiver versus the judicial waiver, the reverse waiver to juvenile court, and alternatives to treating violent youths as adults. Chapter 7 discusses the evidence of a “custody gap,” the lack of a “leniency gap,” policy implications, and recommendations for future research. 14 tables, 258 references, index
Main Term(s): Juvenile processing; Violent juvenile offenders
Index Term(s): Arrest and apprehension; Juvenile offenders; Juveniles; Juveniles in adult facilities; Ungovernable juveniles; Violent offenders
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