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NCJ Number: 200035 Find in a Library
Title: Impact of Methadone Treatment on Registered Convictions and Arrests in HIV-positive and HIV-negative Men and Women with One or More Treatment Periods
Journal: Drug and Alcohol Review  Volume:22  Issue:1  Dated:March 2003  Pages:27-34
Author(s): Marlene Stenbacka; Anders Leifman; Anders Romelsjo
Editor(s): John B. Saunders
Date Published: March 2003
Page Count: 8
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: This study analyzed the rate of arrests and convictions for all methadone patients treated in the Stockholm methadone program between 1988 and 1992 and for those patients who were expelled from treatment due mainly to misconduct.
Abstract: Almost all those who receive methadone maintenance treatment have a history of criminality. However, few studies have investigated the rate of arrests and convictions for those treated in a methadone program or expelled from treatment. This study investigated criminality among 331 opiate abusers admitted to Stockholm’s methadone maintenance program (SMMP). It analyzed the rate of arrests and convictions for all methadone patients treated in the program between 1988 and 1992. In addition, arrest and conviction rates for patients expelled from treatment due predominantly to misconduct were analyzed. Information concerning the treatment period, age, sex, and HIV status of all participants was obtained from records of the SMMP run by the Stockholm Addiction Center. Results indicated a significant decline in both arrests and convictions among both sexes during methadone treatment, irrespective of the length of time in treatment. The incidence rate of arrests and convictions was found to be significantly higher for men than for women prior to the methadone treatment, but no differences were observed during treatment. The main reasons for leaving methadone treatment were drug or alcohol abuse, followed by difficulties in following treatment rules. Retention in treatment was associated with a marked reduction in arrests and convictions. The incidence of arrests among both positive and negative HIV status patients were the same during treatment. In summary, the methadone treatment was shown to have a profound positive effect on arrests and convictions, not only for patients remaining in treatment but also for those patients who were expelled from treatment involuntarily. References
Main Term(s): Drug treatment
Index Term(s): Drug abuse; Drug dependence; Drug treatment programs; HIV antibody test; Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS); Methadone detoxification treatment; Methadone maintenance; Recidivism; Recidivism causes; Recidivism prediction; Recidivists; Sweden
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