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NCJ Number: 200061 Find in a Library
Title: Domestic Violence and Crime Victim Compensation: A Research Agenda
Journal: Violence Against Women  Volume:9  Issue:3  Dated:March 2003  Pages:374-390
Author(s): Fran S. Danis
Date Published: March 2003
Page Count: 17
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Using State-by-State data from the U.S. Justice Department's Web site under the Office for Victims of Crime, this article examines how many victims of domestic violence receive services through victims' assistance programs and how many receive reimbursement for crime-related expenses.
Abstract: The Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) administers two major formula grant programs authorized by the Victims of Crime Act (VOCA): the State-administered Crime Victim Compensation program and Victim Assistance. Both programs are funded through fines and penalties paid by Federal criminal offenders rather than through taxes. The OVC maintains a comprehensive Web site on which are posted States' annual reports for both VOCA-funded programs. The Victim Assistance annual grant report includes a statistical summary of total annual appropriations and number of victims served with type of victimization specified, types of services received, and number of agencies funded by the State. Using the data available on the Web site, this study created a database to track the number of domestic violence victims who received services from both the VOCA-funded programs during calendar year 1999. Nationally, Victim-Assistance-funded programs provided services to 3,304,514 crime victims, 53.46 percent (n=1,766,607) of whom were victims of domestic violence. The Crime Victim Compensation program paid claims to 123,541 victims, only 13.40 percent of whom were domestic violence victims. Although it would not be realistic to expect every domestic violence victim to apply for and receive Crime Victim Compensation funds, it is clear that domestic violence victims are underserved by the Crime Victim Compensation program. A comprehensive research agenda for examining barriers that prevent victims from submitting eligible claims should identify and examine barriers that may exist at the State, community, and individual levels. 3 tables and 19 references
Main Term(s): Female victims
Index Term(s): Domestic assault; Victim compensation; Victim services
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