skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 200063 Find in a Library
Title: Iran, the United States, and the War on Terrorism
Journal: Studies in Conflict & Terrorism  Volume:26  Issue:2  Dated:March-April 2003  Pages:93-104
Author(s): Gawdat Bahgat
Date Published: March 2003
Page Count: 12
Publisher: http://www.taylorandfrancis.com 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article examines the points of cooperation between the United States and Iran following the al Qaeda terrorist attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001, the resurfacing conflicts between the two countries following the short period of cooperation, and ways in which the two countries can cooperate in addressing Middle East conflicts in which the two countries have mutual concerns.
Abstract: Prior to the al Qaeda terrorist attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001, for more than two decades the United States had considered Iran the world's leading country in sponsoring international terrorism. Iranian leaders persistently denied the American accusations, contending that their country has been a victim, not a sponsor, of international terrorism. After September 11, the two nations found themselves on the same side in the war against al Qaeda and the Taliban regime in Afghanistan. As a fundamentalist Sunni movement, the Taliban considered Shi'ia Iran to be an affront to Islam and a mortal enemy. In return, Iran, along with Russia, provided weapons and training to the anti-Taliban Northern Alliance. The American decision to eliminate al Qaeda and the Taliban in the aftermath of the September 11 terrorist attacks served major Iranian strategic and economic goals. Iran's cooperation with the United States included offering to conduct search-and-rescue missions for downed U.S. pilots in Afghanistan, providing a port for shipping American wheat into Afghanistan, playing a key role in forming a government in Kabul led by Hami Karzai, and promising substantial foreign aid to help rebuild Afghanistan. The crux of cooperation between Washington and Tehran was shared antipathy for the Taliban. The two sides share neither identical goals nor similar strategies in Afghanistan and the broader central Asia. By late 2001 signs of growing differences between Washington and Tehran over the conduct of the war on terrorism had resurfaced. After examining this brief period of cooperation between the United States and Iran in the war on al Qaeda and the Taliban, this article analyzes the failed attempt of Iran to smuggle weapons to the Palestinian Authority (the so-called Karine-A affair), the designation of Iran by Washington as part of the global axis of evil, and the Enhanced Border Security and Visa Entry Reform Act of 2002. Despite the strong disagreement on how to define and fight terrorism, this article argues that Iranian and American interests are not mutually exclusive, and there are certain areas where the two countries can cooperate. Specifically, the article suggests how Washington and Tehran can cooperate in policies toward the Palestine-Israel conflict and Iraq. 33 notes
Main Term(s): Domestic Preparedness
Index Term(s): Arab terrorist groups; Counter-terrorism tactics; International cooperation; International terrorism; Iran; State sponsored terrorism; United States of America
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=200063

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.