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NCJ Number: 200104 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Domestic Violence Legislation: Exploring Its Impact on the Likelihood of Domestic Violence, Police Involvement, and Arrest
Journal: Criminology & Public Policy  Volume:2  Issue:2  Dated:March 2003  Pages:283-312
Author(s): Laura Dugan
Date Published: March 2003
Page Count: 30
Sponsoring Agency: National Consortium on Violence Research (NCOVR)
Pittsburgh, PA 15213
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 97WTVX0004
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article examines the efficacy of legislation aimed at reducing domestic violence in terms of its ability to decrease incidents of domestic violence, garner police involvement, and increase arrests.
Abstract: State and Federal legislatures have increasingly passed statutes aimed at reducing the occurrence of domestic violence, either through mandatory or presumptive arrest policies or by providing greater protection for the victim through protection orders. While legislation aimed at the problem of domestic violence continues to grow, scant research has focused on the efficacy of such efforts. As such, the author examined data from the National Crime Victimization Survey to test whether legislative mandates affect the level of domestic violence, police involvement, and arrest procedures. Results of logistic regression analyses revealed that most statutes did reduce the incidents of domestic violence. On the other hand, few legislative mandates had an impact on police involvement and none resulted in more arrests. Interestingly, the data indicate that States that have mandatory arrest laws are more likely to reduce the incidence of domestic violence, however, police in these States are less likely to discover an incident of domestic violence. Upon further examination, the author concluded that in mandatory arrest States, third parties were less likely to call the police to report domestic violence. In conclusion, it appears that aggressive legislative mandates may help reduce the likelihood of domestic violence, however, legislation does not address what happens to the victim or the offender once the police have been called. Tables, figures, references, appendix
Main Term(s): Legal remedies for battered women; Legislation
Index Term(s): Effectiveness of crime prevention programs; Police attitudes; Police effectiveness
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