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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 200139 Find in a Library
Title: Highlights of the 2001 National Youth Gang Survey
Series: OJJDP Youth Gang Series
Author(s): Arlen Egley Jr.; Aline K. Major
Corporate Author: National Youth Gang Ctr
c/o Institute for Intergovernmental Research (IIR)
United States of America
Date Published: April 2003
Page Count: 2
Sponsoring Agency: Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
National Youth Gang Ctr
Tallahassee, FL 32317
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Publication Number: FS-200301
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF|Text
Type: Survey
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This document presents the findings of a national survey on youth gangs in 2001.
Abstract: The survey was conducted in police departments serving cities, suburbs, and rural counties. Motorcycle gangs, hate or ideology groups, prison gangs, and exclusively adult gangs were excluded from the survey. Of the 3,018 survey recipients, 85 percent responded to the survey. In cities with a population of 25,000 or more, results show that 42 percent reported an increase in the number of gang members, and 45 percent reported an increase in the number of gangs from the previous two survey years. The largest gang-problem cities (those with a population of 100,000 or more) have consistently reported greater numbers of gang members over the years the survey has been conducted. Fifty-six percent of these cities reported either an increase or no significant change in the number of gang members in 2001. A significant number of gang-problem cities reported gang-related homicides, including 69 percent of those with a population of 100,000 or more and 37 percent of those with a population between 50,000 and 99,999. More than half of all homicides in Los Angeles and Chicago were reported to be gang related. Sixty-three percent of gang-problem jurisdictions reported the return of gang members from confinement to their jurisdiction. Sixty-nine percent of these jurisdictions reported that gang members returning from confinement considerably affected their jurisdictions’ gang problem. A large proportion of these jurisdictions reported that returning members noticeably contributed to an increase in violent crime and drug trafficking by local gangs. The majority of all gang-problem jurisdictions reported maintaining intelligence records on gang members, with 72 percent of these agencies reported computerized record storage. Among the strategies currently used to combat the youth gang problem, 62 percent reported a curfew ordinance, 20 percent used a firearm suppression initiative, 12 percent used abatement ordinances, and 6 percent used civil injunctions. Nearly 32 percent of gang-problem jurisdictions, located predominantly in less populated areas, did not report using any of these strategies.
Main Term(s): Juvenile/Youth Gangs; National crime surveys
Index Term(s): Crime surveys; Gang violence; Gangs; Juvenile gang behavior patterns; National crime statistics; Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP); Surveys
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