skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 200204 Find in a Library
Title: Open Season: As Extremists Peddle Their Anti-Immigrants Rhetoric Along the Troubled Arizona Border, a Storm Gathers
Journal: Intelligence Report  Issue:109  Dated:Spring 2003  Pages:6-19
Author(s): Bob Moser
Date Published: 2003
Page Count: 14
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article discusses vigilante violence at the United States/Mexican border in Arizona.
Abstract: Since the mid-1990’s, a major change in United States border policy shifted the flow of immigrants from the urban areas to the less populous areas. One of the most popular crossings now for illegal Mexican immigrants is through southern Arizona. The author explains that many of the locals in that region have had problems with the immigrants passing through and dislike their presence. Also, the area in southern Arizona has attracted some of the most anti-immigrant and hate groups in the Nation. As a result, locals and members of hate groups are creating bands of vigilantes who hunt for illegal immigrants in order to stop their progression into the United States. The local law enforcement leaders are described as tolerant of the vigilante justice, neither supporting it nor prosecuting citizens for practicing it. The author discusses the racism inherent in the vigilante justice being forced on illegal Mexican immigrants. Highlighted in the article is the story of how Glenn Spencer, the leader of the hate group American Border Patrol, set up shop in Cochise County, Arizona. Spencer believes that Mexicans are staging a takeover of American land and leads a group who vows to round them up and deliver them to proper United States authorities. Another vigilante group called Ranch Rescue, headed by Gulf War veteran Jack Foote, uses paramilitary operations to stop border incursions by Mexicans. The author discusses the environment of hostility in the Arizona desert and notes the many violent episodes that have taken place in the name of justice. A textbox offers a glimpse at a number of suspicious incidents that have occurred from April 1999 through January 2003. In conclusion, the gravity of the situation is discussed. As agitators from around the country move into southern Arizona and rile up the locals, more bloodshed is bound to occur if the situation is left unchecked.
Main Term(s): Border control; Vigilantes
Index Term(s): Arizona; Hate Crimes; Immigrants/Aliens; Mexico; United States of America
Note: For related articles see NCJ-200203 and NCJ-200205.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.