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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 200212 Find in a Library
Title: American Prisons as Alcohol and Drug Treatment Centers: A Twenty-Year Reflection, 1980-2000
Journal: Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly  Volume:20  Issue:3/4  Dated:2002  Pages:83-106
Author(s): Stephen K. Valle Sc.D.; Dennis Humphrey Ed.D.
Date Published: 2002
Page Count: 24
Type: Historical Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article reflects on the significant developments in the treatment of the alcohol and drug offender within the criminal justice system.
Abstract: Although the criminal justice system was founded on the belief that the individual can change, justice policies in the 1970’s were more punitive than rehabilitative. There was a widespread belief that inmate rehabilitation programs did not work, so the justice system began to operate on a more punitive level. However, during the 1980’s, the problem of drunk driving became a nationwide focus and the criminal justice system began to realize that many offenders were alcoholics. In response, the justice system began instituting policies aimed at increasing alcohol treatment services for offenders. During the mid 1980’s through the early 1990’s, offender treatment programs proliferated around the country and the emphasis on treatment shifted to include other drugs. The authors go on to argue that drug offenders are responsible for the prison overcrowding problem facing the Nation. Drug and alcohol-related crimes are responsible for the incarceration of 83 percent of the men and women in prison. Next, the authors discuss treatment models that have been effective in offender populations and they review the use of therapeutic community treatment programs in correctional institutions. The development of Accountability Training as a public safety treatment model is presented. In conclusion, the authors note that as the availability of treatment programs in correctional facilities has grown, so has the awareness of the complexity of addiction and its treatment. References
Main Term(s): Alcoholism treatment programs; Criminal justice system policy
Index Term(s): Correctional facilities; Inmate treatment; Treatment effectiveness; Treatment/Therapeutic Community
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