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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 200228 Find in a Library
Title: Juvenile Justice Reform in England and Wales (From UNAFEI Annual Report for 2000 and Resource Material Series No. 59, P 128-143, 2002, -- See NCJ-200221)
Author(s): Rob Allen
Date Published: October 2002
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
Tokyo, Japan
Sale Source: United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
26-1 Harumi-Cho, Fuchu
Type: Presentation
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: Japan
Annotation: This document discusses reforms in the juvenile justice system in England and Wales.
Abstract: The Crime and Disorder Act introduced a new philosophy to the juvenile justice system--early intervention. The idea is to intervene early to try to change the way in which young people behave and avoid problems in families, school failures, drug and alcohol misuse, and gang involvement. The old philosophy was to keep the child out of the system in order to avoid labeling. There are three kinds of sentences: custodial or prison sentences, community sentences, and fines. An idea that is growing in importance is that of restorative justice. The three aims of restorative justice are instilling responsibility in young people, restoration paid back to the victim, and reintegration into the community. Public and media concern about crime has grown. Getting tough on crime has become more popular. The reformed youth justice system has six key objectives. The first objective is to prevent long delays between arrest and sentencing. The second objective is getting young offenders to take responsibility for their actions. The third objective is to have the resources to be able to tackle individual risk factors for young offenders. The fourth objective is “proportional punishment.” The fifth objective is reparation to victims of juvenile crime. The sixth objective is to reinforce and strengthen parental responsibility. The Crime and Disorder Act also puts limits on youths receiving conditional discharges. A conditional discharge is available in youth court and means that nothing will happen provided the youth stays out of trouble for the period of the discharge. It is unlikely that young people understand the youth justice system because of the range of options in sentencing. There are three main changes to the prevention service: (1) the modernization program, which is a centralized national service; (2) a greater emphasis on enforcement of orders; and (3) a major emphasis on effective practice or the “what works” initiative.
Main Term(s): England; Juvenile justice reform; Wales
Index Term(s): Foreign juvenile justice systems; Juvenile court reform; Juvenile detention reform; Juvenile justice policies; Juvenile reintegration; Juvenile restitution; Status offender deinstitutionalization
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