skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 200236 Find in a Library
Title: International Cooperation Against Transnational Organized Crime: The General Development (From UNAFEI Annual Report for 2000 and Resource Material Series No. 59, P 345-363, 2002, -- See NCJ-200221)
Author(s): Matti Joutsen
Date Published: October 2002
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
Tokyo, Japan
Sale Source: United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
26-1 Harumi-Cho, Fuchu
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: Japan
Annotation: This document discusses the development of transnational organized crime.
Abstract: Faster air service, more sophisticated telecommunications, electronic fund transfer, and political, economic, and social changes have made it easier for criminals to operate transnationally. Criminal law has remained almost wholly territorial, concerned only with acts or omissions that were committed in the territory of the forum state. Where formal cooperation in criminal cases is impossible, informal cooperation may arise. Such informal and unilateral actions are an unsatisfactory response to a growing problem. Unilateral action can create unnecessary tensions between nations. For the police to be able to work across borders, arrangements have to evolve on three different levels: the political level, the structural level, and the practical level. There are five trends in international cooperation currently taking place. The first is that international cooperation is strengthening with increasing rapidity. The second is the variation of intensity of international cooperation. Small groups of “fast track” countries are increasingly emerging. The third is that international cooperation is becoming formalized and “deeper,” with “soft” resolutions and recommendations being increasingly supplemented by treaties and joint decisions. The fourth trend is that international cooperation is developing from an ad hoc focus on individual offense categories or issues, to a more general international criminal policy. The fifth trend is that international cooperation is becoming increasingly politicized. Economic, social, and political factors have contributed to changes in the amount and structure of crime. These factors cannot be changed but their effects on crime and the control of crime can be influenced in order to lessen the amount and seriousness of crime. Many states are responding to their national crime problem by reviewing the effectiveness of their criminal policy and by setting up a variety of crime prevention councils and projects. International cooperation is broadening and strengthening to the extent that, in such areas as drug trafficking and organized crime, there is broad agreement on general goals. The different states will continue to have different views of the general role of criminal law in society. 37 footnotes
Main Term(s): International cooperation; Organized crime
Index Term(s): Drug law offenses; Extraterritorial jurisdiction; Foreign countries; International agreements; International law; International Law Enforcement Cooperation
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.