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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 200250 Find in a Library
Title: Crime Analysis in America: Findings and Recommendations
Author(s): Timothy C. O'Shea Ph.D.; Keith Nicholls Ph.D.
Date Published: March 2003
Page Count: 30
Sponsoring Agency: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS)
Washington, DC 20530
Contract Number: 99-CK-WX-K002
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS)
US Dept of Justice
Two Constitutional Square
145 N Street, N.E.
Washington, DC 20530
United States of America
Document: Agency Summary|PDF|Text
Agency Summary: 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Based on a recent study that examined key aspects of crime analysis in U.S. police departments, this report identifies the current limitations of crime analysis and underlying policies and informs police managers about the structural issues that should be addressed when considering a crime analysis function.
Abstract: The project consisted of two national surveys and site visits. Researchers first surveyed all American law enforcement agencies with 100 or more sworn personnel. Nearly 65 percent of the 859 agencies responded to the survey. Researchers then surveyed a random stratified sample of 800 law enforcement agencies with fewer than 100 sworn officers. The second phase of the project obtained information from telephone interviews with 40 crime analysts and from site visits to 9 crime analysis units. In nearly every responding department, crime analysts were being directed to focus narrowly on the apprehension of offenders or possibly on the identification of high-crime areas. Crime control, narrowly defined as the identification and apprehension of offenders, dominated the demand for crime analysis. Such an approach to crime analysis fails to reflect the philosophy and tenets of community policing. Community policing requires that crime analysis identify the underlying causes of chronic crime problems, developing responses that are linked to this analysis and assessing the effectiveness of those responses. This type of analysis aims to do more than apprehend offenders or identify high-crime neighborhoods. It examines the causes of problems and ideally offers potential solutions. The ultimate goal of such crime analysis is to go beyond crime control and deliver a broad range of services that improve the community's general quality of life. Problem analysis examines the nature of community problems and combines traditional crime analysis with more complex social science research methods. In assisting police managers to move their agencies toward such crime analysis, this report discusses organizational dynamics, the management of human resources, and the characteristics of agency operations. 23 references
Main Term(s): Community policing
Index Term(s): Automated crime analysis; Crime analysis; Police crime analysis training; Problem-Oriented Policing
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