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NCJ Number: 200262 Find in a Library
Title: Rehabilitating Leviathan: Reflections on the State, Economic Regulation and Violence Reduction
Journal: Theoretical Criminology  Volume:7  Issue:2  Dated:May 2003  Pages:139-162
Author(s): Steve Hall; Simon Winlow
Date Published: May 2003
Page Count: 24
Publisher: http://www.sagepub.com/journals.nav 
Type: Historical Overview; Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article argues that some currently influential liberal-culturalist discourses tend to minimize the direct tie between violent street crime, economic marginalization, and the more ruthless adaptive aspects of advanced capitalist culture.
Abstract: Levels of drug-related crime, intimidation, and serious violence in specific places in western nations since the 1980's have risen and remained unacceptably high at the same time that economies have moved toward the "pure" competitive market. Much production has moved abroad to places where labor is cheap and government regulations on business are few. This has been coupled with the increasing mobility of finance capital, the decline of state-centered labor politics, and the absence of effective government at the international level. This has made the return of tenured jobs and stable local economies unlikely. The consistently low levels of educational and electoral engagement that accompany high crime rates in the excluded portions of the former working class make it likely that a Darwinian form of predatory economic and psychological survival will be manifested in violent behaviors. As government has become more dependent on and subservient to business interests, there has been a tendency to misrepresent the relative and moderate success that government institutions have had in reducing street violence by using their political mandate to help maintain comprehensive economic stability above the required threshold. Under the current global neo-liberal project there has been collusion in the political neutralization of populations and the delegitimization of the potentially democratic state and its crucial role in socioeconomic stabilization and the reduction of violence. 104 references
Main Term(s): Crime prevention planning
Index Term(s): Capitalism; Economic influences; Political influences; Social conditions; United Kingdom (UK); Violence causes
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