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NCJ Number: 200324 Find in a Library
Title: Probation, Punishment and Restorative Justice: Should Al Turism be Engaged in Punishment?
Journal: Howard Journal of Criminal Justice  Volume:42  Issue:2  Dated:May 2003  Pages:181-197
Author(s): R. A. Duff
Editor(s): Frances Crook
Date Published: May 2003
Page Count: 17
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This article presents a new conception of punishment, claiming that probation should be justified and administered as a punishment, something imposed on or required of offenders with the intent to be burdensome or uncomfortable.
Abstract: Today, probation is officially and formally recognized in England as a punishment, counting as a sentence. There are many that resist the idea of probation as punishment and believe that in order for probation to retain its value and legitimacy it must remain an alternative to punishment. This article sketches a conception of punishment as a communicative penance with probation officers playing the role of administrators of sentences and as mediators between victims, offenders, and victims. Probation should be understood as a mode of punishment or a mode of constructive punishment, seeking to bring offenders to face up to the effects and implications of their crimes, through rehabilitation and advocating restorative justice. The article argues that probation, properly understood, should ideally constitute not an alternative to punishment, but a model of punishment; what punishment ought to be. References
Main Term(s): Probation
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Community-based corrections (adult); Probation effectiveness; Probation evaluation; Probation or parole officers; Punishment; Social control; United Kingdom (UK)
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