skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 200344 Find in a Library
Title: Gender, Peers, and Delinquency: A Study of Boys and Girls in Rural France
Journal: Youth & Society  Volume:34  Issue:4  Dated:June 2003  Pages:387-414
Author(s): Clayton A. Hartjen; S. Priyadarsini
Date Published: June 2003
Page Count: 28
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article discusses findings from a self-reported delinquency survey among high school and junior high school students in rural France.
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to test the generalizability of causal theory to a population of youths never before included in criminological research and to investigate the extent to which the behavior of these boys and girls could be explained by various causal arguments. The survey was conducted in the fall of 2000. The survey instrument was modeled after the one employed in the National Youth Survey and focused on two theoretical arguments (social control theory and differential association/learning theory). It was concluded that this survey lends further support to social learning/differential association theory as a universal explanation of youth crime and delinquency and possibly criminality as such. It seems clear that the same predictor variables explain their delinquency in the same way to a remarkably similar extent. Social control measures either did not form reliable scales or were not significantly related to various offense scales. Differential association with delinquent peers as well as positive attitudes toward deviance not only are interrelated with one another but, in combination, are important for understanding the etiology of delinquency among youths regardless of gender and probably other dimensions as well. Except for relative involvement with delinquent peers, the only variable on which girls and boys differed that was also related to delinquency was school involvement. Future research is needed to more fully address the persistent differences in delinquency rates between genders. 4 tables, appendix, 8 notes, 86 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency research; Juvenile delinquency theory
Index Term(s): Crime Causes; Cultural influences; France; Juvenile delinquency; Juvenile delinquency factors; Research methods; Theory
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.