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NCJ Number: 200348 Find in a Library
Title: When Prisoners Come Home: Parole and Prisoner Reentry
Author(s): Joan Petersilia
Date Published: 2003
Page Count: 278
Sponsoring Agency: Oxford University Press, Inc
New York, NY 10016
Publication Number: ISBN 0-19-516086-X
Sale Source: Oxford University Press, Inc
198 Madison Avenue
New York, NY 10016
United States of America
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Book (Hardbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article discusses relevant information pertaining to prisoner reentry into society.
Abstract: Prisoner reentry is a complex and multifaceted problem involving some of the central issues in contemporary crime policy: sentencing, prisons, and prison release practices. Recommendations, listed in chapter 1, are to reinvest in prison work, education, and substance abuse programs; re-institute discretionary parole in the 16 States that have abolished it; front-load post-prison services during the first 6 months after release; and establish procedures by which some convicts can put their criminal offending in the past. A profile of returning prisoners is presented in chapter 2, as well as data on the demographic and crime profiles of returning prisoners. Race and gender, literacy and education, physical and mental illness, marital and parenting relationships, and substance abuse are some of the items discussed. The early evolution of parole in the United States and its use in modern sentencing practices are discussed in chapter 3. Chapter 4 focuses on the changing nature of parole supervision and services. Chapter 5 discusses the decline of inmate participation in prison work, treatment, and education programs and ways of preparing inmates for release. In chapter 6, legal and practical barriers to reintegration are detailed, including evidence on how a criminal record affects an offender’s right to vote, qualify for public assistance, find work, or retain parental rights. Chapter 7 discusses inmate release and identifies the demographic crime factors that are significant predictors of recidivism. The victim’s role in prisoner reentry is described in chapter 8. The legal rights of victims to be notified of a parolee’s release and to testify at parole hearings, and the crucial role this plays in enhancing community safety and offender rehabilitation are also discussed. Chapter 9 offers 12 policy suggestions for reforming parole and enhancing prisoner reintegration. Chapter 10 reflects on the political and practical challenges and payoffs of enhancing reentry strategies. Bibliography, index
Main Term(s): Inmate release plans; Probation or parole services
Index Term(s): Inmate society relations; Inmate treatment; Inmate victims; Parole opposition programs; Post-release programs; Prerelease programs
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