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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 200426 Find in a Library
Title: Violence in Close Relationships: The Role of Emotion
Journal: Aggression and Violent Behavior  Volume:8  Issue:3  Dated:May-June 2003  Pages:313-327
Author(s): Robert F. Marcus; Bruce Swett
Editor(s): Vincent B. Van Hasselt
Date Published: May 2003
Page Count: 15
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Based on current literature and research on violence in close relationships, this paper examines close relationships and their emotion-related vulnerabilities and offers a different understanding of the relationship between couples’ relationships and violence.
Abstract: The intimacy of couples’ relationships has often been romanticized as being a safe haven in a sometimes difficult and dangerous world and as a protective factor against violence. However, this paper presents a different understanding of the relationship between couples’ relationships and violence. This paper proposes that being in a close relationship, in itself, is not protective of violence and that there are specific emotional characteristics of close relationships that increase or decrease the probabilities of violence within a relationship. Couples’ emotional dynamics are described as systemic, looking at individual versus dyad, the dyad as a system, and the emotional dynamics of dyadic systems. The role of emotions and violence are examined and include both protective (i.e., empathy, intimacy, and positive emotionality) and risk (i.e., anger, jealousy and betrayal of trust, and negative affect) emotions. There are two programs of research pertinent to individual, pathological anger and jealousy in which results are promising, consistent and have potential importance for dyadic processes. The first is the detection of an emotionally volatile “attachment rage” that produces a proactive repetitive violence directed at intimates. The second concerns attachment insecurity and holds promise for expansion into a dyadic perspective. References
Main Term(s): Victim-offender relationships
Index Term(s): Crimes of passion; Dating Violence; Domestic assault; Domestic relations; Emotional Abuse/Harm; Home environment; Interpersonal relations; Marital problems; Victim crime precipitation; Victimization risk; Violence; Violence causes
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