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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 200435 Find in a Library
Title: Conceptual Three-Dimensional Model for Evaluating Community-Based Substance Abuse Prevention Programs
Journal: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse  Volume:12  Issue:2  Dated:2002  Pages:1-11
Author(s): Eric C. Albers; Linda K. Santangelo; George McKinlay; Steve Cavote; Stephen L. Rock; William Evans
Date Published: 2003
Page Count: 11
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper presents a three-dimensional model for conceptualizing existing substance abuse prevention programs, defining and measuring the effects of prevention programs, and making a connection between these effects and the interests of the funder.
Abstract: The field of substance abuse prevention currently needs an overarching conceptual framework and set of shared terminologies to establish the accountability and performance outcome measures of substance abuse prevention services. The three-dimensional framework presented in this paper was developed to facilitate the evaluation of community-based substance abuse prevention programs funded by the Bureau of Alcohol and Drug Abuse (BADA) through the Division of Health of the Nevada Department of Human Resources. The conceptual framework allowed the evaluators to assess services and outcomes of individual programs, to compare programs according to agreed upon operationally defined characteristics, and report to the funder the global achievements of the funded programs collectively. Three operational characteristics form the dimensions of the framework: service strategy, target population, and service intensity (dosage). Service strategy encompasses information dissemination, prevention education, alternative drug-free activities, problem identification and referral, community-based interventions, and environmental programs. Target populations, the second dimension of the model, include peers, families, schools, and communities. The third dimension of the model, service intensity, refers to the amount of exposure each program service provides to a target population. The evaluation team categorized each of the community-based prevention program services on each of the three dimensions. By applying this evaluation model, it is possible to report programmatic, comparative, and collective findings. Individual programmatic findings give service providers evidence to support the effectiveness of their programs or suggest needed areas for program revision and refinement. The evaluator may also analyze the data collected from each program based upon predetermined core process and outcome indicators. This collective analysis may be used to show the degree to which program service areas are meeting their performance outcomes, thus allowing funding agencies to make informed decisions about their funding allocations. 4 figures and 14 references
Main Term(s): Drug prevention programs
Index Term(s): Evaluation criteria; Evaluation measures; Models
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