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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 200481 Find in a Library
Title: IFCC 2002 Internet Fraud Report
Corporate Author: National White Collar Crime Ctr
United States of America
Date Published: 2003
Page Count: 23
Sponsoring Agency: National White Collar Crime Ctr
Glen Allen, VA 23060
Sale Source: National White Collar Crime Ctr
10900 Nuckols Road, Suite 325
Glen Allen, VA 23060
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Statistics
Format: Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This document describes the incidence of crime reported to the Internet Fraud Complaint Center (IFCC) in 2002.
Abstract: The IFCC Web site received 75,063 complaints from January 1, 2002, to December 31, 2002. This total included many different fraudulent and non-fraudulent complaints, such as auction fraud, credit/debit card fraud, computer intrusions, unsolicited e-mail (SPAM), and child pornography. The IFCC has referred 48,252 complaints of fraud, a three-fold increase from the previous year. The total loss from all referred cases of fraud was $54 million, up from $17 million in 2001. Internet auction fraud was by far the most reported offense, comprising 46 percent of referred complaints. Non-delivery of merchandise and payment accounted for 31 percent of complaints, and credit/debit card fraud made up nearly 12 percent of complaints. Cases of investment fraud, business fraud, confidence fraud, and identity theft were the top seven categories of complaints referred to law enforcement during the year. Nearly four in five of perpetrators were male and half resided in California, New York, Florida, Texas, and Illinois. Perpetrators also had a representation in Nigeria, Canada, South Africa, and Romania. Complainants were mostly male, half were between the ages of 30 and 50, and over one-third resided in California, Florida, Texas, and New York. The IFCC has also received complaints from Canada, Australia, Great Britain, Germany, and Japan. The amount lost by complainants tended to be related to a number of factors. Males tended to lose more than females. The proportion of individuals losing at least $5,000 was higher for those 60 years and older than it was for any other age category. E-mail and Web pages were the two primary mechanisms by which the fraudulent contact took place. In all, 66 percent of complainants reported they had e-mail contact with the perpetrator and 18.7 percent had contact through a Web page. Only one in four complainants had contacted a law enforcement agency about the incident prior to filing a complaint with the IFCC. These individuals had a higher median dollar loss than the total complainant population. 3 tables, appendix
Main Term(s): Computer related crime; Fraud investigations
Index Term(s): Computer abuse; Crimes against businesses; Criminal investigation; Electronic funds transfer; Industrial fraud; Unreported crimes; White collar offenders
Note: Downloaded May 20, 2003.
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