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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 200513 Find in a Library
Title: Legal and Policy Issues That Affect Children (From Juvenile Justice System: Law and Process, Second Edition, P 363-406, 2002, Mary J. Clement -- See NCJ–200505)
Author(s): Mary J. Clement Ph.D.
Date Published: 2002
Page Count: 43
Sponsoring Agency: Butterworth-Heinemann
Woburn, MA 01801-2041
Sale Source: Butterworth-Heinemann
225 Wildwood Ave
Woburn, MA 01801-2041
United States of America
Type: Instructional Material
Format: Book (Hardbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This chapter focuses on the combination of philosophy, policy, and law that determine how youths are treated within the juvenile justice system.
Abstract: Discussing the ways that law and policy are shaped by research, the author explains that the term “law” typically refers to both written and unwritten laws for both lawyers and judges. The author presents a series of “brain exercises” early on in this chapter so that the reader may consider what constitutes various statutes and codes throughout the different States. The author defines public policy as whatever the government chooses to do or not to do and explains that governmental activities, the political system, and substantive and procedural policies all influence public policy, which, in turn, impacts society as a whole. Discussing the individuals and groups who possess the power to influence both politics and the legal system, the author describes the power held by corporations, member-based special interest groups, single groups, and public groups. Turning to a discussion of corporate welfare, the author details the actions taken by local, State, and Federal governments that allow certain corporations or industries benefits not offered to others. Contending that 40 percent of America’s children live below the poverty level, the author describes elite power groups that influence political and legal issues affecting children. Describing theories of lawmaking, the author summarizes the consensus model and the conflict and radical theory model before discussing the impact of law and public policy on children within the legal system in the United States and in countries without a free market economy.
Main Term(s): Juvenile justice system; Policy
Index Term(s): Conflict theory; Consensus theory; Criminal justice system policy; Rational public choice theory; Special interest groups
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