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NCJ Number: 200524 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Community Effects on the Resolution of Adolescent Premarital Pregnancy
Journal: Journal of Family Issues  Volume:22  Issue:8  Dated:November 2001  Pages:1025-1043
Author(s): Scott J. South; Eric P. Baumer
Date Published: November 2001
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Bethesda, MD 20892-2425
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Science Foundation
Arlington, VA 22230
Grant Number: 97-IJ-CX-0028; RO1 HD35560; SBR-9729797
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study analyzed community effects on the sequence of events leading to a premarital birth to understand the mechanisms linking neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantage to adolescent premarital childbearing.
Abstract: Recent studies of the determinants of premarital childbearing have begun to emphasize the local community as a critical social context for fertility behavior. They have shown that residence in a socioeconomically disadvantaged neighborhood can increase a young women’s risk of bearing a child out of wedlock. In exploring the sequence of events accounting for this relationship, this federally supported study analyzed data from the National Survey of Children and the 1980 U.S. census to determine that community socioeconomic status has little effect on the likelihood that unmarried adolescent women will become pregnant. However, premaritally pregnant adolescents in poor communities are less likely than those in wealthier neighborhoods to voluntarily terminate a pregnancy. Explanations for this finding could be two-fold. First, lower abortion rates and high rates of premarital fertility in disadvantaged neighborhoods result from the comparative absence of abortion providers in these communities, and secondly, the forces that encourage women in disadvantaged neighborhoods to bear children out of wedlock only come into play after these women become pregnant. Future research should attempt to test these and other explanations for the effect of community socioeconomic status on the resolution of premarital pregnancy. References
Main Term(s): Adolescent pregnancy
Index Term(s): Adolescent females; Behavior patterns; Community conflict; Economic influences; Ghettos; Indigents; Pregnant women; Social conditions
Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
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