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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 200533 Find in a Library
Title: Understanding Youth Gangs
Author(s): Rob White
Corporate Author: Australian Institute of Criminology
Date Published: August 2002
Page Count: 6
Sponsoring Agency: Australian Institute of Criminology
Canberra ACT, 2601, Australia
Publication Number: ISBN 0 642 24277 1
Sale Source: Australian Institute of Criminology
GPO Box 2944
Canberra ACT, 2601,
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: This paper provides an understanding of the complexity of youth gangs in Australia and provides a framework of what gangs are, the behaviors they engage in, how they are structured, how they change over time, and how they form and disappear.
Abstract: In order to employ strategies to prevent the development of criminal or violent youth gangs, it is necessary to know what gangs are or what they are not and what they do. This paper presents a description and understanding of gangs in Australia, specifically answering the questions: (1) what is gang-related behavior; (2) are all gangs the same; and (3) how do groups or gangs change over time? Findings can be applied across assorted geographic, demographic, and ethnic settings. The findings include: (1) gangs are diverse; (2) gangs change and evolve due to direct factors and in response to indirect factors; (3) reactions to gangs vary, in that some communities deny they exist while others sensationalize them; and (4) effective responses to gangs are diverse, such as prevention, intervention, suppression, or enforcement. Practical examples and case studies from diverse jurisdictions can offer invaluable insights in knowing how to respond to perceived gang problems. References
Main Term(s): Gangs
Index Term(s): Australia; Female gangs; Gang member attitudes; Gang Prevention; Gang violence; Juvenile delinquency; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile delinquency prevention; Juvenile Delinquency prevention planning; Juvenile gang behavior patterns; Juvenile/Youth Gangs; Violence prevention; Violent juvenile offenders; Youth groups
Note: Australian Institute of Criminology Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice, No. 237
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