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NCJ Number: 200563 Find in a Library
Title: Effects of Violent Video Games on Adolescents: The Overlooked Influence of Development
Journal: Aggression and Violent Behavior  Volume:8  Issue:4  Dated:July-August 2003  Pages:377-389
Author(s): Steven J. Kirsh
Date Published: July 2003
Page Count: 13
Type: Literature Review
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article reviews the research literature concerning aggression theory, video game research, and adolescent development.
Abstract: Violent video games have come under scrutiny following a rash of school shootings in the United States. Although links have been drawn between these violent video games and aggressive behavior, scant research has focused on the effects of violent video games during different phases of adolescent development. As such, the author questions whether adolescents may be more vulnerable to the deleterious effects of violent video games during different phases of development. The General Aggression Model (GAM) posited by Anderson and Bushman offers an explanation of the link between aggressive behavior and violent video games. The author suggests that it is possible to integrate GAM with adolescent developmental theories in order to better understand the influence of violent video games on adolescents during different phases of development. Research has shown that the biological and psychosocial changes that occur during early adolescence are associated with an increase in aggressive behavior. This same period of early adolescence is also associated with increased levels of violent video game play. As such, the application of GAM to theories of adolescence development leads to the conclusion that violent video games have their greatest impact on behavior during early adolescence. More research is necessary to further probe this proposition and to establish a causal link between violent video games and aggressive behavior in early adolescence. Reference
Main Term(s): Aggression; Violent video games
Index Term(s): Adolescent males; Literature reviews; Theory; Violence causes
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