skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 200600 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Gender and Ethnic Differences in Smoking, Drinking and Illicit Drug Use Among American 8th, 10th and 12th Grade Students, 1976-2000
Journal: Addiction  Volume:98  Issue:2  Dated:February 2003  Pages:225-234
Author(s): John M. Wallace Jr.; Jerald G. Bachman; Patrick M. O'Malley; John E. Schulenberg; Shauna M. Cooper; Lloyd D. Johnston
Date Published: February 2003
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Grant Number: R01DA01411
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This study examined ethnic differences in licit and illicit drug use among American 8th, 10th, and 12th grade students, with a focus on girls.
Abstract: Data were obtained from the University of Michigan's Monitoring the Future study, which uses a multi-stage sampling procedure to develop nationally representative samples of 8th, 10th, and 12th graders from the 48 continuous States. To increase the numbers of cases for analysis, the study combined data from 1996 to 2000. A total of 40,416 8th-grade girls, 37,977 8th-grade boys, 35,451 10th-grade girls, 33,188 10th-grade boys, 33,588 12th-grade girls, and 31,014 12th-grade boys participated in the study. The students completed self-administered, machine-readable questionnaires during a normal class period. The dependent variables focused on the proportion of students who used tobacco, alcohol, and a variety of illicit drugs in their life-time, in the last 30 days, and on a daily basis. An additional cigarette measure examined the proportion of students who smoked a half-pack or more of cigarettes per day; and an additional alcohol measure focused on heavy use (five or more drinks in a row, in a single sitting, within the last 2 weeks). The key independent measures were gender and ethnic identification. The study found that across ethnic groups, drug use was highest among Native-American girls and lowest among Black and Asian-American girls. Trend data suggest that there have been important changes in girls' drug use over time and that girls' and boys' drug-use patterns are converging. Future research should further examine girls' drug use and determine whether risk and protective factors identified in past research, based on predominantly White samples, are also important predictors for drug use among non-White girls. 4 tables, 1 figure, and 22 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug use
Index Term(s): Ethnic groups; Gender issues; Tobacco use; Underage Drinking
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.