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NCJ Number: 200627 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Family Functioning, Substance Use and Related Problem Behaviors: Hispanic vs. Anglo Runaway Youths
Journal: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse  Volume:1  Issue:4  Dated:2002  Pages:83-101
Author(s): Natasha Slesnick; Christina Vasquez; Joyce Bittinger
Editor(s): Peter L. Myers Ph.D.
Date Published: 2002
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
US Dept of Health and Human Services
Rockville, MD 20857
US Dept of Health and Human Services
Rockville, MD 20892-9304
Grant Number: AA12173; R29 DA 11590
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study attempted to address the lack of research and investigate ethnicity differences within a sample of Hispanic and Anglo runaway youths diagnosed with substance abuse and examined substance use, family functioning, and related problem behaviors within the sample.
Abstract: Runaway and homeless youths represent a neglected clinical group. With their substance abuse and related problem behaviors, they present a pressing national health concern. Limited studies with mixed findings on runaways analyzed ethnic differences in substance use among runaway youths. In this study, it was expected that Hispanic runaway youths in both single and two-parent families would report less drug and alcohol use, greater family connection, and fewer related problem behaviors than would Anglo youths. One hundred and forty-five runaway youths were recruited through 2 runaway/homeless shelters in a southwestern city. Family functioning and substance use were assessed using interview and self-report methods. The hypotheses were partially supported. Several ethnicity differences were found, but few differences were found between single and two-parent families. Overall, Hispanic youths reported more depression on the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and less externalizing problems on the Youth Self-Report (YSR) than did Anglo youths, supporting previous research that Hispanic youths engage in less delinquent activities than do Anglo youths. This may be due to Hispanic parents being more restrictive of their youths and using more authoritarian means to control them. Study limitations are presented and discussed. Study implications consisted of differences in substance use, family functioning, and related problem behaviors between Hispanic and Anglo youths; Anglo runaway youths in single parent families may be at particular risk for illicit drug use. However, running away from home presents a family crisis regardless of ethnicity or acculturation. Findings argue that culturally sensitive interventions for runaway youths and families are warranted. References
Main Term(s): Runaways
Index Term(s): Adolescents at risk; Adult survivors of child sexual abuse; Americans; Caucasian/White Americans; Ethnic groups; Hispanic Americans; Homeless children; Juvenile drug abusers; Juvenile drug use; Juvenile status offenders; Minorities
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