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NCJ Number: 200641 Find in a Library
Title: Extending Tittle's Control Balance Theory to Account for Victimization
Journal: Criminal Justice and Behavior  Volume:30  Issue:3  Dated:June 2003  Pages:282-301
Author(s): Alex R. Piquero; Matthew Hickman
Date Published: June 2003
Page Count: 20
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article extends Tittle’s recently articulated control balance theory, which offers an explanation for deviant behavior, to the phenomenon of victimization.
Abstract: Most criminological theories attempt to explain criminal or deviant behavior while only a handful of theories attempt to explain victimization. Tittle’s control balance theory, which explains deviant behavior, holds that the amount of control a person is subject to versus the amount of control they exercise influences the probability and type of deviant behavior. The authors test whether this theory can be applied to victimization by examining the self-report survey data provided by 253 respondents at a large, urban university. Survey questions focused on measuring control ratios and victimization experiences. Results of segmented, nonlinear regression indicated that both general and predative victimization was positively associated with control surpluses and control deficits, even after controlling for routine lifestyle activity and demographic variables. More specifically, particular types of control imbalances were shown to be positively associated with the probability of victimization. As such, the authors conclude that the determinants of deviance in control balance theory appear to be similar to the determinants of victimization. Future research should probe whether control balance theory can account for the demographic differences in victimization and for repeat victimization. References
Main Term(s): Theory; Victimization
Index Term(s): Victimization risk; Victimization surveys
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