skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 200675 Find in a Library
Title: Co-Offending as Social Exchange: Explaining Characteristics of Co-Offending
Journal: British Journal of Criminology  Volume:43  Issue:2  Dated:Spring 2003  Pages:398-416
Author(s): Frank M. Weerman
Date Published: 2003
Page Count: 19
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This article explains the varied characteristics of co-offending using various theoretical models.
Abstract: Many offenses are committed by two or more people working together. This article presents a review of some of the better known characteristics of co-offending, and discusses of the ways in which offenders vary in their preference for co-offending or solo-offending, and the ways in which offenses vary between offense types. Co-offending occurs more in young offenders than in older ones, and is often investigated by one of the co-offenders. Also, co-offending can be either a simple or a complex operation that usually takes place in small offending groups, often takes place within relatively homogenous offending groups, and typically occurs within changing constellations or partners. Following a brief discussion of the group influence, social selection, and instrumental perspectives, the author contends that both the social exchange theory and the exchange goods of co-offending theories may be used to develop a causal model to explain why co-offending shares the characteristics that it does. Co-offending is essentially a mechanism by which material and immaterial goods are exchanged. References
Main Term(s): Offenders; Offense characteristics
Index Term(s): Causal models; Dealing in stolen goods; Offense classification; Theory
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.