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NCJ Number: 200768 Find in a Library
Title: Sexual Assault While in the Military: Violence as a Predictor of Cardiac Risk?
Journal: Violence and Victims  Volume:18  Issue:2  Dated:April 2003  Pages:219-225
Author(s): Susan M. Frayne; Katherine M. Skinner; Lisa M. Sullivan; Karen M. Freund
Date Published: April 2003
Page Count: 7
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article examines whether women who report having sustained sexual assault while in the military are more likely to have known cardiac risk factors.
Abstract: Previous research has indicated that women veterans with a history of sexual assault while in the military were more than twice as likely to report having a heart attack than military women with no history of sexual assault. The authors explore whether women with self-reported military sexual assault have an increased prevalence of coronary risk factors, such as medical history, adverse health behaviors, and less intensive cardiac-related preventive medical care. A national sample of 3,632 women veterans who were identified as using Veterans Administration (VA) ambulatory care between 1994 and 1995 completed a self-administered questionnaire regarding sexual assault history and medical history. Results indicated that, after adjusting for age, women with a military history of sexual assault were more likely to be obese, to smoke, to use alcohol, to be sedentary, and to have had a hysterectomy before the age of 40. These women also exhibited a tendency toward higher levels of hypertension and were less likely to have had their cholesterol measured in the year preceding the study. The authors caution that a causal connection between cardiac risk and military sexual assault cannot be made with the current data; however, their data suggest a strong association between self-reported military sexual assault and medical conditions, health behaviors, and medical interventions relevant to coronary heart disease. References
Main Term(s): Medical evaluation; Sexual assault victims
Index Term(s): Military crime; Veterans; Victims of violent crime
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