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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 200778 Find in a Library
Title: Drug-Substitution Treatment in Germany: A Critical Overview of Its History, Legislation and Current Practice
Journal: Journal of Drug Issues  Volume:32  Issue:2  Dated:Spring 2002  Pages:503-522
Author(s): Ralf Gerlach
Date Published: 2002
Page Count: 20
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This articlc discusses the use of methadone maintenance treatment programs in Germany.
Abstract: Methadone maintenance treatment for heroin addiction remains controversial worldwide. This article presents a brief history of the emergence of heroin into Germany’s illegal drug market and of methadone’s uses in treating heroin addiction. Focusing on the evaluation of methadone maintenance treatment programs in Germany, the author found that the average age of methadone patients is above 30 years old and that there is often marked improvement in the general health status of methadone patients even in the initial phase of the treatment program. The author details the modern German Narcotics Act, passed in 1971 and modified in 1982, in order to describe the specific ways in which drug-substitution treatment legislation has controlled the administering of methadone maintenance treatment programs. Addressing the current state of affairs in Germany’s drug substitution programming, the author explains that current methadone maintenance treatment programs work in conjunction with Germany’s overall drug policies of emphasizing harm reduction, assistance, and treatment options rather than emphasizing law enforcement approaches to drug abuse. The Federal Medical Board’s plan to draw up drug substitution guidelines in accordance with the Regulation on the Prescription of Narcotics is likely to improve the quality and availability of drug-substitution treatment in Germany. References
Main Term(s): Germany; Methadone maintenance
Index Term(s): Drug treatment; Drug treatment programs; Foreign drug law enforcement; Heroin; Heroin maintenance; International drug law enforcement; Methadone; Program evaluation
Note: Special Issue: Confronting the Prohibition Model: German Drug Policy in the 21st Century, see NCJ-200770-777, and NCJ-200779-786
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