skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 200790 Find in a Library
Title: Street Gangs: Utilizing Their Roll Calls for Investigative and Research Purposes
Journal: Journal of Gang Research  Volume:10  Issue:3  Dated:Spring 2003  Pages:25-36
Author(s): Ken Davis
Date Published: 2003
Page Count: 10
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article discusses using street gang graffiti in order to identify gang members.
Abstract: Street gang graffiti accounts for around 10 to 12 percent of all graffiti in most municipalities, and such graffiti may be classified as either territorial, simple message, or roll calls. Gang-related territorial graffiti uses simple names, bold initials, and/or common totems, and simple message graffiti names allies, provides criminal intent, and informs members of timely events and death notices. Gang roll call graffiti contains the core gang members either listed as a series of names or presented as a cluster design. After presenting eight photographs illustrating gang roll call graffiti, the author suggests that gang membership data may be extracted from roll call graffiti. Furthermore, the author claims that graffiti identification analysis methods present circumstantial evidence that may be used to enhance criminal investigative and/or research methods. The first identification method is appropriate for ascertaining core gang members’ names, while the second and third methods are better suited for developing a street gang’s profile. The author suggests that individuals using street gang graffiti for gang member identification purposes should document the graffiti in the early morning to reduce chances of both detection and contact with potentially hostile gang members. References
Main Term(s): Gangs; Graffiti
Index Term(s): Gang member attitudes; Gang Prevention; Juvenile gang behavior patterns; Street crimes; Vandalism
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.