skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 200876 Find in a Library
Title: Opiates, Cocaine and Alcohol Combinations in Accidental Drug Overdose Deaths in New York City, 1990-98
Journal: Addiction  Volume:98  Issue:6  Dated:June 2003  Pages:739-747
Author(s): Phillip O. Coffin; Sandro Galea; Jennifer Ahern; Andrew C. Leon; David Vlahov; Kenneth Tardiff
Date Published: June 2003
Page Count: 9
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This study examined the extent to which multiple drug use is involved in overdose mortality trends in New York City.
Abstract: Multiple drug use has been associated with an increased risk of overdose mortality. In this study, the authors examined the medical records of all overdose deaths in New York City between 1990 and 1998. For comparison purposes, the authors standardized yearly overdose rates by sex, age, and race to the 1990 census data for New York City. Results revealed that 97.6 percent of all the 7,451 overdose deaths in New York City between 1990 and 1998 were a result of ingesting opiates, cocaine, or alcohol. Multiple drug use, involving the combination of at least two of the three drugs, was the cause of death in 57.8 percent of the deaths. When compared to the 1990 census data, the trends in accidental overdose death rates varied by drug combinations, suggesting that different populations engaged in different patterns of multi-drug use. The authors contend that, based on their findings, interventions should address the use of opiates, cocaine, and alcohol in combination. Tables, figures, references
Main Term(s): Drug overdose
Index Term(s): Drug abuse; Drug prevention programs; Drug related fatalities; New York
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.